Columbus, CLOSE BACK America. The whole truth about the United States and the American nation, which does not exist
Columbus, CLOSE BACK America. The whole truth about the United States and the American nation, which does not exist
Anonim

Very often on the Internet or on TV we hear such a thing as Americans. Some blame the Americans for all the troubles, portray them as absolute evil and oppose them to the Russians.

"Into the radioactive ash!"

Others - consider the American nation as a model of democracy and tolerance, and for some, Americans are just an object of jokes.

"Well, stupid!"

But who exactly is meant by the definition of "Americans"? And does "American exceptionalism" really exist? Let's figure it out. First you need to understand who we are talking about - about the citizens of the United States of America or about the inhabitants of the entire American continent. Most often, we are talking about the population of the United States, because, for example, Canadians or Mexicans, no one calls Americans, although they live on the continent that is called America. As for the US population, the real “Americans” in this country can be called those whom the US residents themselves call “native Americans”.

The question arises, why, in general, the Americans rushed to populate the continent almost instantly, and did not do it smoothly since the time of Colubmus, for example? Maybe other people lived there, and they already had buildings, infrastructure? And then, for some reason, these others were gone? We will talk about this seditious version some other time, but now the official version. Before the arrival of Europeans, American Indians flourished here.

For example, the Iroquois, who were constantly attacked by the colonialists. Or the so-called "five civilized tribes". However, their lands attracted European settlers in the South of the United States. In this regard, a movement arose in the southern United States demanding the eviction of the Indians.

In 1830, President Andrew Jackson, supported in the elections by this movement, signed the Indian Eviction Act, after which the Indians of the Five Tribes were forcibly resettled in the Indian territories specially created for them. This resettlement was called the Road of Tears in historiography, because many Indians died on the way: only for the Cherokee tribe, the estimated death toll on the way is from 4 to 15 thousand.

And here are more examples of methods that the Americans did not disdain: German ethnologist Gustav von Koenigswald reported that members of the anti-Indian militia "poisoned the drinking water of the Kaingang village with strychnine, causing the death of two thousand Indians of all ages." The sale of smallpox-infected blankets to Indians is also a well-known fact.

All this as a result led to the fact that the number of real, Native Americans decreased every year and now only about five million Indians live on the worst lands on the reserves, which is about 1.6 percent of the country's population. What are they doing? Well, for example, they arrange theatrical dances in special theme parks for bored US residents who come there to have fun, like to a zoo.

And yet, during the construction of the transcontinental railway, the Anglo-Saxons staged a total extermination of the bison, which was the food base for the Indians. The railroad workers even hired a brigade of hunters led by the famous Buffalo Bill, who personally killed more than 4 thousand buffalo in 17 months. “The buffalo hunters have done more in the past two years to address the Indian problem than the entire regular army has done in the past 30 years.

They are destroying the material base of the Indians … Send them gunpowder and lead, and let them kill, skin and sell them until they destroy all the buffalo! " - General Philip Sheridan said at the time at a hearing in Washington.

He was echoed by Colonel Richard Dodge, who owns the words: "The death of every buffalo is the disappearance of the Indians." The railroad workers, meanwhile, called on passengers of the First Transcontinental to shoot the buffalo directly from the windows of the trains and organized recreational hunting trips.

The bottom line is this: there were 75 million bison in the United States, and by the end of the century there were less than a thousand of them. And it really was a terrible blow to the Indians who were left without food, and the American troops reached a new level of mobility thanks to the railroad. America's rightful owners were partly destroyed and partly herded into barren reservations. In general, in this story, unlike the Avatar of James Cameron, the happy end did not happen.

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