There has been a purposeful struggle against cash for a long time. It is led by the largest bankers who are well aware of the tendencies of world development. These tendencies a century and a half ago were defined in "Capital" by Karl Marx, who called them the law of the tendency of decreasing the rate of profit. Time has shown that the law discovered by Marx works.
The printing presses of the world's leading central banks in the context of the viral economic crisis are increasing their output at a frantic pace. The Fed, the ECB, the Bank of England, the Bank of Japan, and several other leading central banks have thrown $ 5 trillion into circulation in the five months since the beginning of the year. The key rates of the main central banks of the West have been close to zero since 2008, while the central banks of Sweden, Denmark, and Japan have them below zero.
Low key rates affected the interest rates on the operations of commercial banks. Interest on bank deposits in some places is already below zero. Until recently, we did not feel this in Russia; we were a kind of nature reserve with a very high key rate of the Bank of Russia. Only recently, the rate began to decline rapidly, which immediately affected the interest rates on the operations of Russian commercial banks. Experts say that taking into account inflation, real income on bank deposits may become negative this year.
In the West, after the global financial crisis of 2008-2009. there was a trend towards an outflow of funds from bank deposits due to zero or even negative interest rates. We have the same tendency today, including because of the fear of massive bankruptcies of commercial banks, which may begin in the fall, when credit holidays, tax holidays, a moratorium on bankruptcies, etc. expire.
World-class bankers (owners of money), that is, first of all, the main shareholders of the US Federal Reserve have been campaigning for a long time to oust cash from circulation. The goal of the campaign is to lock everyone in the realm of non-cash money. If this is not done in a timely manner, there is a risk that the monetary system created by Western capitalism over the past three centuries will collapse.
What we see today in the world of money and banks is a manifestation of a worldwide process. Namely: capitalism ends its existence. Not today or tomorrow, society will find itself in a "brave new world", which is sometimes called post-capitalism. Most likely, it will not be socialism or communism (as Karl Marx promised in the 1848 Manifesto of the Communist Party), but a new feudalism or a new slave system.
The era of rapid development of commodity-money relations is coming to an end. In post-capitalism, there will be no particular need for money. Many brilliant and terrible dystopias have been written about this post-capitalism: "We" by Yevgeny Zamyatin (1920), "Brave New World by O. Huxley (1932)," 1984 "by George Orwell (1948)," 451 degrees by Fahrenheit "Ray Bradbury (1953) and others.
The “Brave New World” of the future is a totalitarian society with a world government, that is, a narrow group of people who rule the “herd”. The main principle is accounting and control of participation in the labor process and consumption. The need for money here is very conditional. Participation in the labor process can be measured by workdays, and in consumption - by kilograms of food eaten. However, this is the prospect of the day after tomorrow. And the urgent tasks of the builders of the "brave new world" of today and tomorrow is to prevent people from fleeing from the banking sector, which is planned to be converted into an electronic concentration camp.
As part of the propaganda work to discredit cash, they tried to present it as an instrument of evil, with the help of which terrorism is financed, drug trafficking is carried out, bribes are paid to officials, a "gray" economy is supported, tax evasion is taking place, etc. At the same time, there was an agitation in favor of non-cash money: operations are very simple, they can be carried out at a distance, the possibility of robberies, etc. is excluded.
The topic reached the top in 2020 along with the viral economic crisis. Every day in the media there were materials that one of the important channels for the spread of infection is cash. That it is necessary to give up cash and switch to remote payment methods using non-cash money in bank accounts. At the same time, adherents of private digital money (cryptocurrencies) revived again.
However, the phobias that the media fanned about cash began to fade quickly. People began to act exactly the opposite - to transfer deposit money into cash. In Russia, within four months (spring and June 2020), the amount of cash in the hands of citizens increased by 1.9 trillion. rubles, and the total amount of cash in circulation by the beginning of July reached a record high - 11, 2 trillion. rub. Interest in cash has increased dramatically in other countries as well. According to Bloomberg, the volume of cash during the pandemic grew in the USA, Canada, Italy, Spain, Germany, France, Australia, Brazil.
The owners of money must everywhere lower key rates below zero, and they cannot do this, because they will provoke a massive exodus of clients from banks to cash, which will collapse the banking system. The most radical and extremely dangerous means remains - the abolition of cash by the decision of the monetary authorities. How to replace them? Digital money of the Central Bank.
As noted in a review by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), last year 70% of all central banks in the world dealt with the topic of digital money. Some part of central banks was interested in the question of how to prevent private digital currencies (cryptocurrencies) from entering the world of money, believing that cryptocurrencies undermine the monopoly of central banks and commercial banks on the issue of money. Other central banks took a wait and see attitude. Still others decided that digital money should exist, but be issued exclusively by the central banks themselves (official digital money). Some central banks believe that their digital currencies should be issued in addition to cash, while others believe that digital currencies should completely replace cash. Of the central banks that are closest to the beginning of the emission of official digital money with full replacement of cash, the Central Bank of Sweden and the People's Bank of China should be named.
As for the US Federal Reserve, last year the US Central Bank was opposed to any digital currencies. On this score, both US Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell and Treasury Secretary Stephen Mnuchin spoke quite definitely. This year, the tone of their statements has suddenly changed. On May 17, Jerome Powell announced that the United States could begin issuing digital currency. Some experts associate such statements with the possibility of lowering the FRS key rate to a negative value. If at the same time all the "physicists" are not locked up in the banking system, they will escape from there (go to the cash). And you will only be able to “lock” it if you replace the cache with a “digital dollar”.
In recent months, many Wall Street banks have published research on the digital dollar. The essence of most of them boils down to the fact that procrastination is like death, the Federal Reserve needs to introduce the digital dollar as soon as possible. Otherwise, the American economy will collapse, and the dollar will lose its status as the world currency. They say that the once unshakable position of the American currency is undermined by the bitcoin cryptocurrency (its market capitalization is now about $ 170 billion).
The cryptocurrency Lipa, developed by Facebook and launched in November 2019, also pushed the money masters. Lipa is not just a private digital currency, it is a very powerful payment system that can operate on a global scale and do without the intermediation of SWIFT, Fedwire, CHIPS and other payment systems controlled by the US government and the Federal Reserve. But China can also bypass America by introducing the digital yuan, which will throw the dollar off the pedestal of the world currency and take its place.
Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham says: “SWIFT, CHIPS, Fedwire are outdated. They are expensive, they are slow. It is 2020 now, but it still takes three days to complete transactions. In addition, transactions are more expensive than they should be. All of these technologies, which underlie much of the US dollar-centric world economy, are showing their age. So this is a great opportunity for China. " Matthew Graham delicately kept silent about the fact that projects of private digital currencies deprive the United States of the ability to control and block transactions that are unwanted from Washington's point of view.
In promoting the digital dollar, American senators have become very active. In late June, the US Senate Banking Committee held a hearing to discuss the need for the digital dollar. Democratic senators have already drafted a bill to introduce an official digital currency and are calling for a digital dollar bill from January 1, 2021.
And in June of this year, the report of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Central Bank Digital Currency: Central Banking for All? (Central Bank Digital Currency: A Central Bank for Everyone?). The answer to the question contained in the title of the report: yes! The Central Bank is for everyone!
Until now, there have been intermediaries between central banks and individuals in the form of commercial banks. The model of the official digital currency provides that the relationship between the Central Bank and the "physicists" will be direct, the latter will have deposit accounts on demand with the Central Bank. Commercial banks will be the fifth wheel in the cart. They will disappear.
The banking world is faced with a choice between bad and very bad: either the banking system will collapse as a result of the flight of individuals from commercial banks, or commercial banks will die as a result of monetary reform - the transition from cash to digital. If America chooses the path of monetary reform, it will be confiscatory in nature. The main victims of the shift from cash dollar to digital will be those with the most accumulated paper production on the US Federal Reserve's printing press.