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The greatest inventions of the Soviet Union that changed the whole world
The greatest inventions of the Soviet Union that changed the whole world
Anonim

In the development of our civilization, various inventions play a huge role, which act as an engine, an assistant for all mankind. As in many other countries of the world, the USSR had talents, many inventors, engineers, designers, who presented mankind with useful products and technologies that made it possible to make a breakthrough in one direction or another. All this ensures the progressive development of civilization.

1. Personal computer

Isaac Brook and his invention

Isaac Brook and his invention

It is generally accepted that all electronic computers, like other "smart" equipment, appeared in America. But in fact, and this is a historical fact, the personal computer was invented in the Soviet Union. Isaac Brook, a Soviet scientist, together with Bashir Rameev, developed a project for an innovative digital machine long before Steve Jobs founded his legendary Apple corporation in the United States. The development at that time was unique. After the presentation of the idea by Brook in 1948 to the scientific college, engineering and design work began to create the first miracle machine - a personal computer. After four years of work, in 1952, finally, a computer appeared in the USSR.

2. Television broadcasting and television

Vladimir Zvorykin invented the TV

For us, modern people, the presence of an "information box" is a common thing. Many people simply cannot tear themselves away from it, but few know that it was invented by the Soviet physicist Vladimir Zvorykin. He announced his creation back in 1931. A year later, the twenty first television sets were released in Leningrad. After some time, television broadcasting appeared. Naturally, the equipment began to leave factories in thousands of batches. It is worth mentioning that despite the proposal of the same Zvorykin to make television broadcasting in color, for 35 years, until the sixty-seventh year, the population of the USSR watched television broadcasts in black and white. In the capital, near Ostankino, a monument was erected to the great physicist and his brainchild - the world's first television.

3. Nuclear power plant

Kurchatov I.V

At present, it is nuclear power plants that account for a large percentage of electricity generation. But not everyone is aware that it was in the USSR that an atomic-type power plant was invented. In 1951, the government of the state gave I. Kurchatov an important task - to start researching the possibilities of effective use of atomic energy. The scientist coped with the task quite quickly. As a result, the first nuclear power plant began operating in Obninsk two years later. She has been in active operation for 48 years.

It is interesting!In 2002, on April 29 at 11 hours 31 minutes (Moscow time), the reactor of this nuclear power plant was shut down forever. From that time to today, the NPP has been an industry memorial complex.

4. Artificial heart

Demikhov V.P

The famous Soviet transplant surgeon Vladimir Demikhov in 1936 became the first person in the world to create an artificial heart. It was a plastic electric pump. The scientist conducted an experiment to replace the heart with a device on a dog. The animal was able to live on the apparatus for several hours. In world practice, the experiment was the first of its kind. But he instilled in people the hope that after a while it was such a device that would heal people with serious diseases of the heart system. For several decades, the technique was improved by Demikhov. Soon, thanks to her, surgeons were able to save thousands of human lives.Nowadays, a complex operation, which is already an ordinary one, allows patients to live a full-fledged normal life for many years.

It is safe to say that the inventors of the USSR are some of the best. This is not surprising, since the development of science in the country and its support have always been a priority for the government of the state.

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