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7 crushing failures in paleontology
7 crushing failures in paleontology
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Since the 90s of the last century, scientists have made a number of discoveries, having found blood cells, hemoglobin, easily destructible proteins and fragments of soft tissues in the bones of dinosaurs, in particular elastic ligaments and blood vessels. And even DNA and radioactive carbon. All this leaves no stone unturned from the monolith of modern paleontological dating.

Alexey Nikolaevich Lunny, Doctor of Biological Sciences, in his work "The failure of Mary Schweitzer's hypothesis (USA) about the mechanism of preservation of soft tissues and organics in the bones of dinosaurs mediated by the iron of hemoglobin" 100-1000 times. If we count from official dates, then dinosaurs, for example, could have existed only 66 thousand years ago.

One of the options for explaining the safety of such soft tissues is burial under a layer of sedimentary rocks under catastrophic conditions, a global flood.

Given this, it no longer seems surprising that all the bones that paleontologists unearthed in the vicinity of Hell Creek, Montana, had a pronounced cadaveric smell.

And here is the chronology of seditious finds in the bones of dinosaurs:

In 1993 g., to a surprise for herself, Mary Schweizer discovers blood cells in the bones of dinosaurs.

In 1997 g., detect hemoglobin as well as distinguishable blood cells in the bones of Tyrannosaurus rex.

In 2003, traces of protein osteocalcin. 2005, elastic ligaments and blood vessels.

In 2007, collagen (an important bone structural protein) in Tyrannosaurus rex bone.

In 2009, the easily degraded proteins elastin and laminin, and again collagen in the platypus dinosaur. (If the remains were really as old as it is customary to date, they would not contain any of these proteins.)

In 2012, scientists reported the discovery of bone cells (osteocytes), actin and tubulin proteins, as well as DNA (!). (The degradation rates of these proteins, and especially DNA, calculated from research, indicate that they could not have been stored in dinosaur remains for an estimated 65 million years after their extinction.)

In 2012, scientists report the discovery of radioactive carbon. (Considering how quickly carbon-14 decays, even if the remains were one hundred thousand years old, they should not have left a trace of its presence in them!)

In 2015, in Canada in the territory of the Dinosaur Park, red blood cells and collagen fibers were found in the bones of a Cretaceous dinosaur.

The Kramola portal invites you to recall six more crushing failures that accompanied paleontology in particular and the theory of evolution in general:

Piltdown man

In 1912, Charles Doughton stated that he had found remains (jaw and skull) of a transitional form from a primitive half-human half-ape to Homo sapiens near the English city of Piltdown. This find caused a real sensation. Based on the remains, at least 500 doctoral dissertations have been written. Piltdown Man was inaugurated in the British Museum of Paleontology as clear evidence of Darwin's theory.

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All would be fine, but in 1949, Museum employee Kenneth Oakley decided to test the remains with a new method of testing for fluorin. The result was overwhelming. It turned out that the jaw and the skull belong to different creatures. The jaw, according to the test results, was not in the ground at all and most likely belongs to a recently deceased monkey, and the skull was there for tens, but not hundreds or thousands of years. Further research showed that the teeth of the skull were roughly hewn to match the jaw. The Piltdown Man was quietly carried out of the museum.

Nebraska man

In 1922, Henry Feyerfield Osborne claimed to have found a prehistoric transitional tooth. Based on this single tooth, a whole gorilla-like man was reconstructed (on paper).

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The London News newspaper of 07.24.1922 even published a "scientific sketch" of a whole family of a "Nebrasian man" in a cave by the fire. In 1927, the rest of the skeleton was found. It turned out that the skeleton belonged to … an extinct species of American prosthennops pigs.

Ota Benga

In his book Descent of man, Darwin wrote that man descended from ape. Evolutionists throughout their history have tried to find at least one transitional form from monkey to man. Finally, in 1904, it seemed to them that the search was crowned with success. In the Congo, the native Ota Benga was found, who was classified as living evidence of the transitional form from monkey to man.

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Benga was caged and brought to the United States, where he was shown at the Zoo in the Bronx, New York. At the time of his capture, Benga was married and had two children. Unable to endure the shame, Benga committed suicide. Evolutionists today prefer to keep quiet about this case.

Coelacanth fish (coelacanth)

Until recently, it was believed that the skeleton of this fish, supposedly a couple of tens of millions of years old, and being the pride of evolutionists, is a transitional form from waterfowl to land animals.

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Fantastic drawings of this fish ashore were drawn. However, since 1938, Coelacanth has been repeatedly found in the Indian Ocean. It turned out that this is still a living species of fish, which does not even try to get out on land. Moreover, it never floats to the surface, but stays at a depth of at least 140 meters under water …

Pekin man (Pekin man, Sinanthropus)

The layout, practically drawn up "on the parole of Darwin's supporters."

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The original bones on which the Pekin man skeleton was restored do not exist, since were lost.

Jawa man (Javanese man, Pithecanthropus)

Composed of bone fragments found at great distances from each other and it is not known if they belonged to the same creature. Most of the remains are composed of remains of different types and glued together by good imagination, or on a couple of bones, not without the help of the same fantasy.

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Others, in general, are either an ordinary human homo sapiens, or an ordinary monkey. Plus, all this is forgery - so we got beautiful pictures from the play called "Evolution".

Haeckel's forgeries of embryo drawings

Drawings of similar embryos that can be seen in biology textbooks were drawn by the German scientist Haeckel. He did not understand embryology, but invented a "biogenetic law", or the law of embryonic recapitulation, which stated that every organism during the period of embryonic development repeats all the stages that its species had to go through in the course of evolutionary development. Based on this idea, he drew human embryos in the stages of development as he wanted them to be, namely, an invertebrate creature, then in the stage of fish, dog and then man. Haeckel's drawings were disproved by scientists almost immediately after their publication MORE THAN A HUNDRED YEARS ago.

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Michael Richardson, professor and embryologist at St George's Hospital School of Medicine in London, speaks of this additional deception in an Anatomy and Embryology article that was published in Science and New Scientist.

As Richardson himself says, he always felt that something was wrong with Haeckel's drawings "because they simply did not match his [Richardson's] understanding of the rate at which fish, reptiles, birds and mammals develop their distinctive features." He was unable to find any evidence to indicate that anyone was actually comparing embryos of different species, that is, "no one has provided any comparative data to support this idea."

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In this regard, Richardson assembled an international team to study and fix "the appearance of embryos of various species of vertebrates at the stage at which the animals are depicted in Haeckel's drawings."

The team collected embryos from 39 different animals, including marsupials from Australia, tree frogs from Puerto Rico, snakes from France, and an alligator from England.They found that the embryos of different species differ significantly. In fact, the embryos turned out to be so unlike those depicted by Haeckel (similar embryos of a human, rabbit, salamander, fish, chicken, etc.) that scientists came to an unambiguous conclusion: Haeckel's drawings could not be based on real embryos.

Nigel Hawkes interviewed Richardson for The Times, London. In an article that describes Haeckel as an "fetal liar," Hawkes quotes Richardson:

“This is one of the worst examples of scientific deception. It is horrible to find that a famous scientist has deliberately misled everyone. I am outraged by this … Haeckel simply took a human embryo and redrawn it, making it appear that the embryos of salamanders, pigs and all other animals look the same at the same stage of development. In fact, they are not alike at all … His embryos are fakes."

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Haeckel not only changed the drawings by adding, omitting and modifying anatomical features, but according to Richardson and his team:

“He also resized to exaggerate the similarities among different species, even though some of the embryos varied in size tenfold from each other. In addition, Haeckel made the existing differences unclear, in most cases simply did not name the species of animals, as if one representative exactly corresponded to the entire group of animals"

In 1874, Professor Heath declared Ernst Haeckel's drawings to be false and included them in a confession allegedly made by Haeckel, but as Richardson states:

"Haeckel's confession was worth nothing, since his drawings were later used in 1901 in the book" Darwin and after Darwin "and were widely reproduced in English-language texts on biology."

See also: Ancient dinosaur figurines

Ancient images of dinosaurs and people

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