What do we know about the ancient Druids
What do we know about the ancient Druids
Anonim

The Druids of Roman Britain were a sect of religious leaders, philosophers, healers, and royal advisers to Celtic and British society. But ancient Roman authors such as Caesar and Tacitus perceived the Druids of Gaul and Britain as savages. According to their beliefs, druids took part in strange rituals that may have required human sacrifice.

Why this happened - further in the article.

The oldest description of the Druids is the "Gaulish Wars" by Julius Caesar. Written in the first century BC, this work introduced the Druids to the Roman world. Other popular Roman authors, including Cicero, Tacitus, and Pliny the Elder, also contributed their stories. However, they all portrayed the Druids and their customs as barbaric. Roman authors often described unknown and foreign peoples in this way. But since the Druids did not document their own customs and religion, there was no way to challenge the Roman accounts.

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Another, less extensive account is taken from the Historical Library of Diodorus of Siculus.

Writing around 36 BC. BC, Diodorus described the Druidic order and their role in Celtic society. Among these roles, Diodorus notes that the Druids were theologians and philosophers, bards and singers. These roles correspond to those described by Caesar and those later repeated by Strabo.

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