Table of contents:
- 1. The rescued drowned man may still die
- 2. Open the windows in the sinking car
- 3. Do not remove objects from the wound
- 4. Stay close to the floor in case of fire
- 5. Pine resin for wound healing
- 6. Choked? Do not be shy about it
- 7. Abruptly leaving water is a sign of a tsunami
- 8. Don't use the elevator
- 9. Don't leave water in the sun
Life is an unpredictable thing, so even in a critical situation you need to be fully armed and keep your mind. However, sometimes a person simply does not know how to do the right thing in order not to make things worse. Next, we will learn how to behave during injuries, fires and accidents on the water.
1. The rescued drowned man may still die
Let's imagine that you pulled a person out of the water, pumped it out, he came to his senses and, on the whole, looks pretty good. However, after a couple of hours or days, the victim feels very tired, decides to sleep and no longer wakes up.
The reason for this is secondary (or dry) drowning. This is because some water may still remain in the lungs during pumping. Because of this, a delayed death occurs, therefore, after bringing the drowned man to his senses, you must immediately call an ambulance or take him to the hospital.
2. Open the windows in the sinking car
If a person finds himself in a car that begins to sink to the bottom, you must immediately lower the windows in order to get out through them. It is important to act quickly and not wait until the car goes under water, otherwise it will be simply impossible to lower the windows.
In this case, you will have to knock them out with something heavy and hard. For example, a belt buckle or a headrest. Note: breaking the side windows is easier than breaking the windshield.
3. Do not remove objects from the wound
In the event that the skin is slightly pierced by glass, a splinter or a carnation, they can be carefully removed. However, if the wound is deep and an armature, harpoon, knife or other large and dangerous object sticks out of it, do not touch anything until the medics arrive.
The cutting attachments act as a plug that stops blood loss. If they are removed incorrectly, venous bleeding may open, which is very difficult to stop. That is why you should call an ambulance and entrust the care of the wound to professionals.
4. Stay close to the floor in case of fire
When getting out of a burning building, you need to get as close to the floor as possible and breathe through a wet cloth. For example, crouching, on all fours or crawling, if possible.
The fact is that the air is cleaner at the bottom, and smoke and carbon monoxide rise to the ceiling. During a fire, a person risks not only suffering from the fire, but also suffocating with carbon monoxide.
5. Pine resin for wound healing
Found yourself in a forest full of annoying insects, thorny bushes, and didn't take your first-aid kit with you? Take your time combing bites, panic ahead of time and look for plantain.
Pine resin comes to the rescue and heals blisters, small wounds and abscesses. The substance has hemostatic and healing properties, therefore, when you return home, you will already forget that you accidentally injured yourself in the forest.
6. Choked? Do not be shy about it
Choking down, people try to quickly hide in the restroom, because they consider it something shameful. But because of a small piece of food that fell "in the wrong throat", you can die of suffocation. But the main thing is not to cause discomfort to others.
If in a public place you feel that food is stuck in your throat, on the contrary, try to attract attention to yourself. After collapsing facelessly into a plate, it is difficult to remain unnoticed.
7. Abruptly leaving water is a sign of a tsunami
Imagine that people are relaxing on a beach and see the water suddenly start to recede. Curious? Yes. Dangerously? Deadly!
Such unusual "behavior" may be a sign of an impending tsunami.If you notice something like this, it is better to leave the beach right now, and not wait for the wave to appear on the horizon. In this case, it is almost impossible to escape, because the tsunami is moving at a speed of 800 km / h. Closer to the shore, the speed drops to 80 km / h, but the person physically cannot escape.
If it is known in advance about the approach of the elements, there may be another 15-20 minutes to be saved. The main thing is to act quickly and not waste precious seconds collecting seashells.
8. Don't use the elevator
If during an emergency you find yourself in a high-rise building, never use the elevator. In case of fire, flood, earthquake, it is much safer to use the stairs. Otherwise, you can get stuck in an elevator without electricity and the ability to get out, while the whole building will be covered by the elements.
9. Don't leave water in the sun
In addition to the fact that drinking warm water in the heat is not the most pleasant experience, a bottle can provoke a fire. The effect of a biconvex lens is at work here. The sun's rays pass through the surface of the bottle and concentrate the heat at one point.
As a result, the high temperature can burn through the area and create an ignition source. Try to keep the water out of the sun, especially in a car.