Table of contents:
- 1. Maps and medieval sources
- 2. Sleeping Vesuvius
- 3. Epitaph
- 4. Medieval writing
- 5. Three graces
- 6. Technological level of the Middle Ages
- 7. Water conduit Domenico Fontana
- Why hide?
Andreas Churilov, the author of the book "The Non-Last Day of Pompeii", unequivocally proved that the death of the famous city in 79 AD, which is dated within the framework of traditional science, actually occurred in 1631.
In the footsteps of Andreas Churilov's research, the Kramola portal brings to your attention 7 irrefutable facts proving an error of one and a half thousand years, which buries the dating of the entire ancient world.
1. Maps and medieval sources
Pompeii and Herculaneum are marked on a map dating back to the 4th century AD, on maps of the 15-16th centuries, and in illustrations for the eruption of Vesuvius in 1631 in books of that time.
Johannes Baptist Mascolo, an eyewitness to this eruption, writes:
“… Everything that came along the way was captured by this storm and whirlwind of fire. Livestock, herds were suppressed and scattered in all directions on the outskirts of the fields. Trees, huts, houses, towers were knocked down and scattered. Of these fiery streams, two were the fastest, one rushed with force to Herculaneum, the other to Pompeii (cities, once reborn from the ashes, I don't know if they will live again) …
2. Sleeping Vesuvius
After the "79th year" eruption, various sources cite up to eleven eruptions between the 202nd and 1140th years. But for the next 500 years, there is no information about the eruptions of Vesuvius. Active, with enviable regularity, the volcano suddenly turns off for half a millennium, and then, since 1631, again regularly bothers local residents. This volcanic hibernation becomes easy to explain when the chronological shift is taken into account.
15 kilometers from Naples, there is still a monument with an epitaph dedicated to the eruption of Vesuvius in 1631.
This epitaph, embossed in 1738, describes the events of a terrible volcanic eruption. The cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum are mentioned in the list of affected cities.
4. Medieval writing
In one of the restored texts on Pompeian papyri, diacritical marks were found - accents and aspirations, which, along with punctuation and ligatures, came into use only in the Middle Ages, and received their completion only with the beginning of printing.
5. Three graces
The National Archaeological Museum of Naples displays a fresco from a Pompeian excavation. It is an exact copy of the famous painting by Raphael "The Three Graces" of 1504, down to the poses and the smallest details of the composition. Either Leonardo da Vinci invented and donated a time machine to Raphael, or the owner of a villa in Pompeii knew about Raphael's painting and ordered medieval interior designers to make a copy of the painting that was famous at that time.
6. Technological level of the Middle Ages
During the excavations, a huge number of different instruments were found, indistinguishable from modern ones in manufacturing technology: a corner with an ideal right angle, compasses, tweezers, scalpels, dental instruments, complex musical instruments, including trombones with gold mouthpieces.
During construction, standard hardened medieval bricks were used, made on a belt press.
The frescoes depict edged weapons of the 16-17th centuries - sabers and musketeer swords.
A water tap, which is a sealed structure of three parts: a body, a bushing with a through hole and a shut-off cylindrical valve lapped to it.
A large number of iron parts were found, which by definition cannot be in the Bronze Age - locks, door handles, hinges, bolts, latches.
The supply and main pipes of the most complex water supply system in Pompeii are made of lead. In England, for example, even today, many old houses have the same lead pipes.
One of the frescoes depicts a pineapple, but this fruit did not appear in Europe until after the discovery of America, in the 15th century.
In Pompeii, found products from bottle glass, perfume bottles for colored glass of different shades, many absolutely transparent thin-walled products.
The same glass vases are depicted in numerous Pompeian frescoes excavated under the ashes of the city. However, the first transparent glass was obtained only in the middle of the 15th century. And the secret of the production of such glass for a long time, like the apple of an eye, was protected from competitors. In addition, large standard glass panes were found in Herculaneum - 45x44 cm and 80x80 cm.But the first known window panes were made only in 1330, and the first Herculaneum-like standard window glass was produced by the modern rolling method only in 1688.
7. Water conduit Domenico Fontana
Even if there were none of the above points, Pompey crosses out the “antiquity” in the literal and figurative sense of the water conduit, carried out by the famous papal engineer-architect Domenico Fontana. He was the foremost engineer of the time, who, among other things, erected an obelisk in the square in front of Peter's Cathedral in the Vatican, and completed the construction of the cathedral itself.
According to the official version, Pompeii, like Herculaneum, were discovered to the world almost by accident in 1748 when the water supply of a gunpowder factory was restored, the mills of which were set in motion by water flowing through a canal from the Sarno River. One of the sections of the canal was underground and passed under a hill, which later turned out to be the city of Pompeii buried by Vesuvius. The hill was called the "Settlement". However, the official version is forced to recognize Domenico Fontana as the accidental discoverer of the buried city, who built the same water conduit near Pompeii at the end of the 16th century. And after more than a hundred years, the restoration of the same water conduit led to the discovery of Pompeii.
It turns out that the engineer Fontana, engaged in mining and tunneling works, stumbled upon the roofs and walls of houses of the city, buried under a multi-meter layer of ash. But, firstly, Domenico Fontana himself never mentioned such a find, and secondly, a two-kilometer tunnel cannot be built in volcanic soil without forced ventilation of the mine. The poisonous gas released from volcanic soils makes it impossible to carry out any underground work without effective ventilation, with which the mine working according to the scheme would resemble a Titanic, with a main tunnel and huge "pipes" for ventilation. After all, if Fontana had laid a water conduit under a multi-meter layer of volcanic ash, then the mines would have been many meters long. Instead of such structures, we see ordinary city wells.
Very rarely, a water conduit is laid with a violation of urban infrastructure, as, for example, here.
The depth of the conduit is insignificant in relation to the zero level of Pompeii, and, with few exceptions, it passes under the streets, walls of houses and places of worship.
If you walk along the route of the water conduit laid by the Fontana near Pompeii, you can discover amazing things. Traces of paving, a water mill, which archaeologists call the "Bourbon water lift", but which is not on the maps of the Bourbon and later periods.
Early topographic maps of Pompeii did not show any wells prior to excavation. All the wells of the conduit were discovered exclusively during excavations, mostly in the 20th century. Some wells are equipped with stone console steps built into one of the side walls. Some wells are simply destroyed by restorers. There is a well with a side door. Another well has a window in one of the walls. Why make a window underground? And how could a well be plastered from the outside if it was laid out like a vertical shaft from the inside?
In the courtyards of the Temple of Isis, the water conduit also had a well, currently destroyed; it is represented in an engraving by Francesco Piranesi of the 18th century, who depicted the Temple of Isis immediately after its excavations. The well is depicted with side bevels and covers - which is logical for a simple city well.
This was the first water conduit well discovered during excavations. Therefore, at the time of Piranesi, they did not yet understand what danger it poses for the official version of the death of Pompeii in deep antiquity.
At the exit from Pompeii, the water conduit opens with an L-shaped well with steps and a side entrance.
The canal outside the city, laid by the trench method, had to be dug out for more than 20 years. The mills of the Spanish Viceroy's new gunpowder factory were not launched until 1654. However, according to the official version, the catastrophic eruption of 1631 did not affect the city of Pompeii located in the same place.
How do archaeologists comment on this obvious fact? The first excavations of the conduit were carried out back in 1955, they are still being carried out, but neither the results of old nor new excavations have yet been published, because then a lot will have to be revised …
It would seem that there is nothing more monolithic than historical science, firmly standing on three pillars.
The first whale of history is the primary sources, which, to one degree or another, allegedly exist for two historical millennia.
But the fact is that it is very easy to forge any written source. For example, the entire 19th century can be safely called the century of forgeries. Allegedly ancient Greek manuscripts, letters of monarchs, famous scientists, and many other documents were forged not in hundreds, not thousands, but tens of thousands of copies. For example, between 1822 and 1835 alone, more than 12,000 manuscripts of famous people were sold in France alone …
But even until the 19th century, the activity of falsifying sources was a state European program. In the Middle Ages, ancient ancient manuscripts are massively and very conveniently found in the abandoned towers of monasteries, and businessmen in the field of hoaxes, such as Poggio Bracciolini, who wrote the "Histories" of Tacitus, for a lot of money sell "originals" of antiquity to the rich of that time.
The second whale of history is archeology, which has been digging for 400 years wherever possible, and everything that is dug only confirms the traditional version. However, in practice, archeology only legalizes the already existing historical backbone, linking the findings to an established chronology, despite obvious contradictions. Technological artifacts found in Pompeii are a vivid illustration of this process.
The third pillar of history is independent dating methods, the well-known radiocarbon and dendrochronological methods. But here, too, the declared independence is completely unjustified.
Despite the fact that the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was given for the discovery of radiocarbon analysis, in fact, it only works to validate the existing chronology. In order not to get something seditious, laboratories conducting such analyzes never take a sample blindly, without indicating its place of origin and the estimated age, rigidly tied to a chronological scale.
The authors of the method themselves at a symposium of Nobel laureates in 1969 cynically declared:
If radiocarbon dating supports our theories, we put it to work. If it does not completely contradict them, we put it in a footnote. And if it doesn't fit completely, we just don't take it.
There is a reasonable criticism of these methods, for example, in the work "ERRORS OF BASIC POSTULATES OF RADIOCARBON AND ARGON-ARGON DATING"
One of the earliest samples for honing the radiocarbon analysis method was bread from Pompeii. There were no dendrochronological calibration curves at that time, and despite the approximate half-life known at the time, the results surprisingly coincided with the generally accepted chronology.Basically, Radiocarbon Analysis is a method of fitting to an existing chronological scale.
The same goes for the dendrochnological method, the tables of which are based on the same standard chronology. The date of the death of Pompeii in 79 AD there is one of the fundamental benchmarks.
So why did European experts work and continue to work to exalt their history and carry it back to ancient times? It's very simple - when the Slavs with spears chased bears through the forests, the Europeans already lived in cities and ate pineapples. This means that in modern political issues, the younger brother must obey the more mature, for a whole fifteen hundred years, European civilization. This is how the essence of History as an ideological weapon manifests itself.
But it is not clear why Russian historians are still working on the historical tale composed by Miller, Schletzer, Bayer. Maybe it's time to stop working against your country and start working for the good of your compatriots?
But while certified historians are in no hurry to rake the Augean stables of false chronology, this task is being solved by competent and indifferent enthusiasts. Andreas Churilov's research is a prime example of such work.
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