Table of contents:
- Summer Olympics 1936
- 1984 Winter Olympics
- 1996 Summer Olympics
- 2004 Summer Olympics
- Summer Olympics 2008
- 2014 Winter Olympics
The Olympic Games are a true symbol of the global unity and celebration of sport. Whenever the International Olympic Committee starts looking for a new venue for this sporting event, all countries are eager to take advantage of this opportunity. The authorities are beginning to actively modernize existing facilities and build new ones. Unfortunately, at the end of an event so important for everyone, most of them are never used again.
Further in the review are some very memorable Olympic venues from past years and how deplorable their condition is today.
Summer Olympics 1936
Probably the most controversial Olympic Games in human history took place in Berlin during the Third Reich. Adolf Hitler took over the venue of the Games from the former Weimar Republic. His propaganda minister, Joseph Goebbels, believed that the event would be just the perfect way to change the world's opinion of the Nazis.
This was the first time in history that the Olympics were televised. Everything was carried out at the highest level. At the same time, the Olympic torch relay was introduced. To surpass the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics, Hitler built many luxurious sports facilities. Among them: an athletics stadium with 100,000 seats, six stadiums and many sports arenas and halls. The Olympic Village was built in Elstal. There were dorms, a pool, a gym, and a large dining room.
The Soviet Union did not participate in the competition, since there was no Olympic committee in the country until 1951. In the beginning, the world wanted to boycott these Olympic Games. The reason was racial and religious persecution in Germany. Even the idea was to hold an alternative Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.
Many athletes even managed to arrive at the scene, but then a civil war broke out in Spain. The event had to be canceled. Despite the confrontation of various Jewish organizations around the world, the Olympics still took place in Berlin, the boycott failed. The most titled athlete at these Games was Jesse Owens. He won four medals in the long jump and sprint.
During World War II, almost all buildings were either destroyed or repurposed. Now they are largely abandoned and in varying degrees of dilapidation.
1984 Winter Olympics
The 1984 Winter Olympics were held in Sarajevo. This was the first time that they were held in a country of the socialist camp. The USSR was then the leader in the number of medals, but lost the first place to the GDR, as they won more gold.
The Olympic Games were seen by the authorities as a way to breathe life into the city and attract international tourism. For this, the construction of modern sports facilities has been actively started. A new ski complex and a bobsleigh track were built. They were used until the outbreak of the war in Bosnia in 1992.
During the hostilities, the former Olympic facilities were badly damaged. They were riddled with bullets. The ski complex was turned into a military facility, and the magnificent bobsleigh track became the position of the Serbian guerrilla artillery.
When the war ended, some sports facilities began to be restored. The International Olympic Committee has rebuilt Kosovo's city stadium. In 2014, volunteers, the National Bobsleigh Federation and the International Luge Federation began to rebuild the rest.
1996 Summer Olympics
The 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta is still considered one of the most extravagant games in Olympic history. Then, quite expectedly, the USA won, winning 101 medals, 44 of which were gold. Those Games were dominated by female athletes. The US women's basketball team stood out in particular. Sports such as women's football and softball were included in the competition.
The Games began on the 100th anniversary of the first modern Olympic Games. The Olympic flame was lit by boxer Muhammad Ali. The event was overshadowed by the explosion of a homemade bomb in the Olympic Park of the Century. As a result, one civilian was killed and more than 100 people were injured of varying severity.
The Olympic Games were held at 29 sports venues. Some of them have been rebuilt for college use. The Olympic Village dorms became Georgia State University student dorms and are now used by the Georgia Institute of Technology. The Centennial Olympic Stadium became the base for the Atlanta Braves baseball team from 1997 to 2016.
2004 Summer Olympics
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games were held in their homeland. Greek Athens has become the venue for this important event in the world of sports. For the first time since 1996, representatives of all countries of the National Olympic Committee attended the Olympics. Hosting the Games was seen by the government as an opportunity to change Greece's international image.
A completely new infrastructure was created for the preparation. Were built: airport, metro and ring road. As time went on, and the construction was not completed, fears began to be expressed that the Games would have to be postponed. Some buildings were erected just months before the scheduled start of the Games.
More than a dozen sites are now empty. Some are still in use, usually for non-sporting events such as conferences, concerts, and even weddings.
Many argue that those Games are to blame for the Greek economic crisis.
Summer Olympics 2008
The 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing were the first to be held in China. The authorities saw this as a chance to revitalize the country's image. The government has spent colossal funds on new facilities and transport systems. One of the most iconic of these is Beijing's National Stadium, nicknamed "Bird's Nest" for its unique design.
These Games were marked by numerous calls for their boycott. This was done due to human rights violations in China and the possible consequences for the health of the participants. Such concerns were caused by the extreme air pollution in Beijing, which exceeded all possible standards. Government officials have gone out of their way to downplay these concerns, to the point of directing local media outlets to stop political coverage.
While China has won the most gold medals, it was the United States that topped the leaderboard. Top athletes included American swimmer Michael Phelps, who won eight gold medals, and Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt, who set many world records.
2014 Winter Olympics
These were the second Olympic Games held in Russia. In 1980, the capital of the USSR, Moscow, hosted the Summer Olympic Games. After the end of the Olympic Games, the Winter Paralympic Games were held at its facilities. In Sochi, 98 sets of medals were played. The Sochi Olympics have become one of the most scandalous in history. Russia won the most medals and became the first in the team event. The result was canceled retroactively due to a doping scandal.
In general, it is clear that the Olympics are a one-off event. It is better to accept this right away and try to come up with in advance how you can use the objects left after this sports festival. It is unreasonable to be proud of them and save, spending millions on it. The winners are those who could foresee this.