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The ancient underground city exceeds the size of modern Tomsk
The ancient underground city exceeds the size of modern Tomsk
Anonim

Grustina is a city that supposedly existed on the territory of modern Tomsk in the days before the beginning of the development of Siberia by Russian pioneers.

Sadin is mentioned in the Notes on Muscovy by Sigismund von Herberstein, in the studies of ancient Russian history by A.Kh. Lerberg, it is indicated on the maps of Siberia published in Western Europe in the 16th-17th centuries (in particular, on the maps of Gerard Mercator, Abraham Otelius, Petrus Bertius, Jodocus Hondius, Guillaume Delisle and others). There is no information about Sadin in the Old Russian chronicles and on Russian maps.

The Russian Cossacks, who erected the Tomsk fortress in 1604, did not find any city here, but the written head of Gavril Pisemsky and the boyar son Vasily Tyrkov noted the extreme disturbance of the natural landscape. Academician Pyotr Simon Pallas, known for his "unheard of" observation, in 1760 noted the unnaturalness of the Tomsk landscape - endless "hillocks and pits".

Over the four centuries of the existence of Tomsk, signs of the former residence of people here have been noted more than once. These are, firstly, refined vegetation - birch, hawthorn, hemp; secondly, the archaeological sites of the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Bronze, Iron, early, developed and late Middle Ages. But there is also the most significant evidence of the existence of an ancient city on the site of Tomsk. We are talking about the ancient cemeteries of dotoms and about the catacomb city near Tomsk.

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The laying of various communications led to the discovery of a huge number of burials of people. Only on the territory of the Cossack Tomsk fortress 350 coffin-decks were discovered.

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Prosector of the Imperial Tomsk University S.M. Chugunov, who studied the discovered bone material for anthropological purposes, never ceased to be amazed at the originality of the funeral rite of the “primotomichi”. Firstly, the overwhelming majority of the dead, no matter how much they looked for Chugunov in the coffin-decks, did not find crosses. Secondly, in the logs, along with the skeletons of the deceased, bones of domestic and wild animals were found: cows, horses, moose and deer. Thirdly, the decks were wrapped in birch bark. Fourthly, a significant part of the dead were buried with their heads turned to the right, i.e. lying in Sarmatian on the right temple. Fifth, in some places the coffin-decks were stacked up to seven pieces one on one. Some decks were in small brick crypts with brick sizes of 27, 5x14, 5x7, 0 cm. In one coffin-deck, the dead were lying "jacks". Several dozen of the dead, buried without coffins in deep graves with their heads to the west, also had their heads turned to the right. These were considered Tatars, but Chugunov, according to the structure of the skulls, rejected their belonging to the Tatars.

It is not difficult to see that the funeral rite does not correspond to the Orthodox and, therefore, belongs to the people who lived here before the formation of Tomsk. These people were most likely sad.

Who built the city of Sadina? What ethnic group did he belong to? I. Gondius has a very definite statement on this score. The inscription on his 1606 map next to Sadina reads: "Tatars and Russians live together in this cold city."

About the city built by Fragrassion, apparently before the start of the war with Iran, one extremely important detail is given in the myths: he built his city underground. The Bundahishna cites the following: “Mount Bakir is the very mountain that Thrasillac Tur (as Frangraciona was called in later sources - N.N.) used as a fortress, making himself a dwelling place inside it; and in the days of the (reign) of Yima, myriads of villages and cities were erected in its valley "(Cancer IV Myths of Ancient and Early Medieval Iran. - St. Petersburg; M.: Neva magazine," Summer Garden ", 1998).According to one of the legends, it was in the cave after the capture of the city by the Iranians that Frangrasion was captured and executed. In the Avesta, by the way, it is stated unequivocally that Frangracion only continued Yima's tradition of building cities underground.

So, according to Iranian sources, the city of Graciona had an underground part, and, apparently, this part was quite extensive. This strongly reinforces the version that Tomsk was built on the site of the ancient city of Graciona. According to the oral folk tradition, under Tomsk there are a myriad of underground passages, they also pass under the Tomya River. Rumor claims that the size of this underground object exceeds the size of modern Tomsk - from the mouth of the Kirgizka River in the north to the mouth of the Basandaika River in the south. During the existence of Tomsk, there have been an innumerable number of cases of discovering underground passages.

Among them is the discovery in 1888 of a brick vault at a depth of arshin in the courtyard of the clerk of the treasury chamber B.B. Orlov at the end of Novaya Street (now Orlovsky lane). This find was studied by the director of the university scientific library, archaeologist S.K. Kuznetsov, who came to the conclusion that the beginning of the underground passage had been opened. The size of the underground passages is so large that three horses could freely enter, or even move around. According to "Tobolsk Provincial Gazette" (late 19th century) in Tomsk, from the post office to the Camp Garden, there is a giant underground passage called the "Tomsk Metro".

In the estate on the street. Shishkova, 1, an exit to the river was found, closed with a wrought iron door.

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Near the South Crossing, the excavator operator noticed a hole in the ground and jumped down to be curious. In the underground passage, he discovered a chest with ancient icons and books. The volume of soil extracted from the ground during the construction of an underground facility is many thousands of cubic meters, which corresponds to many tens of running kilometers of catacombs. In 1908, “in Tomsk, on the steep bank of the Tom River, a cave was found, in which a perfectly preserved skeleton of a Mongol was discovered, dressed in wooden combat armor and a low helmet made of horse skin. A short spear, bow and ax lie near the skeleton. The find was transferred to the Tomsk University "(" Petersburg leaf "N277, 1908). True, it is highly doubtful that this warrior belonged to the Tatar-Mongols, whose weapons were already much less perfect. His wooden, leather-clad armor is more characteristic of the Hunnic era. But then the "warrior's cave" is more than a millennium older than Tomsk.

It is amazing, but in 2000 no traces of this unique find were preserved in the MAES of the TSU.

There is an explication plan for Tomsk (1765), drawn up by a geodesy by ensign Peter Grigoriev. The map shows the so-called "hillocks" in a very expressive manner. In connection with each "bump" there are legends about the presence in the depths of underground passages of unimaginable depth. Judging by the volume of the "bumps", the length of underground structures near Tomsk is hundreds of kilometers. And if Voskresenskaya Mountain also has a bulk character, then these volumes are approaching astronomical.

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In this regard, given the constant interest of the Cheka, the KGB, the FSB in underground cities, it is pertinent to ask whether the defector Oleg Gordievsky had in mind this underground facility in his interview with AiF (N30, 2001). In response to the question of G. Zotov "What is the main secret of the KGB has not yet been revealed?" Gordievsky replied: “Underground communications of the special services. I know that the KGB has grandiose structures underground, whole cities, which simply do not exist."

If these structures were created by the special services themselves, then let them still own them. And if they were created thousands of years ago, if this is our history?

… In 1999, the media reported on the discovery of an ancient city by Novosibirsk archaeologists, located in the Zdvinsky district of the Novosibirsk region on the shores of Lake Chicha. A large anomaly was found in the aerial photographs.Geophysical research confirmed the presence of a large archaeological site with an area of ​​600-650x400 m. Bronze knives, iron products, various tools, decorations, ceramics dated the city to 800 BC.

The city had a developed metallurgical production, as evidenced by a powerful slag dump.

Secrets of the underworld

In order to understand who, when and why dug underground passages near Tomsk, we will have to delve into the little-known history of our region. There is reason to believe that the Tomsk catacombs are not "runaways", not merchant amusements and not robber burials, but an underground city created long before the formation of Siberian Athens.

Artania, or the death of the third Russia

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Let's start with the fact that in the prechingiz time, a Christian kingdom existed in the territory where Tomsk province was created more than 400 years later. Tsar Ivan ruled in this state, and Kara-China was located nearby, in which there were two provinces: Irkania and Gothia, and the inhabitants also professed Christianity. In his letter to the Byzantine emperor Manuel Comnenus, he called his country "Three Indies" and told all sorts of miracles about it. The letter came to Byzantium in some roundabout way, it was written in Arabic. It was translated into Latin and forwarded to Pope Alexander III and Frederick Barbarossa Redbeard. In September 1177, Pope Alexander III sent the physician Master Philip with a message to Tsar Ivan, whose expedition was lost without a trace in the vastness of wild Asia. From the "Book of Knowledge", written by an unnamed Spanish monk in the middle of the XIV century, we learn that the Christian Ivanovo kingdom was called Ardeselib, and its capital was Graciona, which means, according to the monk, "servant of the cross", but in fact comes from the word grasse - "greens, grass, young shoots." The root basis of "ard" in the word Ardeselib gives reason to assume that the Christian Ivanovo kingdom is the legendary Artania, in search of which the scientific world has knocked off its feet.

Arab and Persian scientists a thousand years ago reported that they knew three Russian lands: Kuyavia (Cuiabia, Cuyaba), Slavia (al-Slavia, Salau) and Artania (Arsania, Arta, Arsa, Urtab). Most domestic historians believe that Cuyaba is a state union of the East Slavic tribes of the Middle Dnieper region, the capital of which was Kiev. Slavia is identified by some with the area of ​​settlement of the Ilmenian Slovenes, while others - with Yugoslavia. As for the Third Russia, Artania, its localization was completely uncertain until recently. Perhaps this was due to the fact that the Artan merchants did not tell anything about their country and did not allow anyone to see them off, and those who entered Artania were simply drowned in the river without permission. Merchants brought from Third Russia black sables, lead and very valuable blades, which, after bending with the wheel, straightened again. The mention of these things led the researchers looking for Artania to the Tomsk land next to Kuznetsk, where metallurgy flourished from ancient times. Even the Moscow tsar at first took tribute from the Kuznetsk craftsmen not with furs, but with iron products. Here, in the Ob region, in former times the Khazars and Bulgars lived, who migrated to Eastern Europe by the end of the first millennium.

Only very recently, after comparing Artania with Ardeselib, and Sadina with Graciona, the assumption that the Third Rus was located on the Tomsk land was confirmed. The fact is that the capital of Artania Gración (in Grustin's transcription) is shown on all medieval maps of Western Siberia compiled by Western European cartographers. On the maps of G. Mercator, I. Gondi-us, G. Sanson, S. Herberstein, this city stands on the right bank of the Ob in its upper reaches. The most detailed Sadina is shown on the map of the French geographer G. Sanson, published in Rome in 1688. This map shows the Tom River, and the town of Grustina is located near its mouth.It is possible that the name of Grustin is later, formed due to the Christianization of the primary "green-pasture" Graciona, not without a desire to see in this name "the city of the cross". Thus, it can be considered established that Artania - the Third Rus - was located on the Tomsk land.

F.I. Stralenberg and A.H. Lerberg believed that Grustina was located on the site of Toyanov's town on the left bank of the Tom, opposite Tomsk. "Our opinion that these Eushtins, or Gaustins, are saddens, is confirmed by the fact that we are here in such an area, which was once not only in Siberia, but also among the South Asians was in great fame, due to the good condition of the inhabitants of these" [66].

In 1204, the Christian kingdom in the Tomsk Ob region was possibly destroyed by Genghis Khan. However, traces of the past life on the banks of the Tom were preserved until the arrival of the Cossacks and the establishment of Tomsk in 1604. On the Tomsk hills opposite Toyanov town there were meadows and “birch groves, interspersed with larch, pine, aspen and cedar” [126, p. 57]. On these meadows the Toyanovs of the Eushta grazed herds of their horses and took nettles and hemp for household needs [49]. Captive Swedes at the beginning of the 18th century described the local woody vegetation on the way from Tara to Tomsk in a similar way: cedar, larch, birch, spruce, various shrubs.

Recall that birch usually gravitates towards arable land, that is, arable land, and nettles and hemp accompany human habitation. So, there was someone to dig underground passages. And in old books there are references to these passages, or, better to say, to the underground city. But first things first.

Black people of the underground city

The Austrian envoy in Moscow, Croat Sigismund Herberstein, on the basis of inquiries of the Russian people who had been behind the Stone (Ural), and from the so-called "Siberian road builder" that fell into his hands, wrote in the "Notes on the Moscovite Affairs", published in Vienna in 1549, that that black people who do not know the generally accepted speech come to the sad people and bring pearls and precious stones. Apparently, it was these people who were skilled metallurgists, and it is they who are mentioned in the Altai and Ural legends under the name of Chudi - a people who had a dark skin color and went underground. The famous Russian artist, scientist and writer N.K. Roerich in his book "The Heart of Asia" cites such a legend. Once upon a time, a people with a dark skin color lived in the coniferous forests of Altai, they were called Chudyu. Tall, stately, knowing the secret science of the earth. But then a white birch tree began to grow in those places, which, according to the ancient prediction, meant the imminent arrival of the white people and their king here, who would establish his own order. People dug holes, set up stands, piled stones on top. We went into the shelter, pulled out the racks and covered them with stones.

Apparently, not everyone fell asleep, because further Roerich writes: “A woman came out of the dungeon. Tall in stature, stern face and darker than ours. I walked around the people - I helped create, and then went back into the dungeon."

The following passage from the book "On the Unknown Men in the Eastern Country", written, according to experts, back in the 14th century, testifies to the contacts with the people who have gone underground: "There are people on the top of the great Obi who walk under the earth, another river, day and night. with lights. And overlook the lake. And over that lake, the light is wonderful. And the hail is great, but he has no posadu. And whoever goes to that city and then hear-shiti shum is great in the city, as in other cities. And when they come to it, there are no people in it and no one can hear anybody. Nothing else is animal. But in all kinds of wood, there is a lot of food and drink, and all kinds of goods. Who needs what. And he put the price against that, let him take what he needs and go away. And whoever takes a devil of price, and will go away, and the goods from him will be destroyed and packs will be found in their place. And how other cities depart from the city, and the shum-packs hear-sheti, like in other cities …"

Since it is the bowels of Tomsk that are pitted with underground tunnels, there is reason to believe that the quoted text means the Tom River, under which people walk with fire, and Beloe Lake, over which "the light is pre-eminent."

To the above, it remains to add that even 111 years ago, a rumble was heard from the ground and warm air was coming. These circumstances were described by S.K. Kuznetsov in the article "An Interesting Find in Tomsk", published in the "Siberian Bulletin" on November 6, 1888. “On the morning of November 2, in the courtyard of the house of the clerk of the treasury chamber, V.B. Orlova, that at the end of Novaya Street … while digging a retraction hole, the workers came across a brick vault …”S.K. Kuznetsov noted: "The fact that during the inspection of the pit a column of steam rose, I am inclined to consider it as an indication of the existence of a significant underground void containing warmer air than the outside." The head of the head V. B. Orlov, who has lived in this house for five years, "often had to make sure of the existence of some mysterious void under his yard, especially when an incomprehensible hum under the ground began to disturb him." Apparently, these and similar circumstances caused rumors that some people still live in the Tomsk catacombs.

Many are embarrassed by the presence of brick arched vaults in the underground passages, because the first brick-maker, the master mason, Savva Mikhailov, arrived in Tomsk from Tobolsk only in 1702, built five houses and was recalled to St. Petersburg to build a city on the Neva. And the construction of brick houses in Tomsk was resumed only after half a century. But the Englishman John Bell of Antermonsky, seconded to the diplomatic mission in China, Captain of the Life Guards Lev Vasilyevich Izmailov, recalls something else. Driving through Tomsk in 1720, he met here one mound (as the robbers of ancient burial mounds were called in Siberia), and he told him that “one day he unexpectedly came across a vaulted crypt, where they found the remains of a man with a bow, arrows, spear and other weapons, lying together on a silver plate. When they touched the body, it crumbled into dust”[50, p. 52].

The body "crumbled into dust" testifies to the thousand-year antiquity of the remains, and the vaultedness of the crypt, apparently, indicates that the brick was known to the crypt builders for the same thousand years before the arrival of the Cossacks in Siberia.

The catastrophe that changed the face of the Earth

So, we half-and-half answered the question of who and when did the dungeons near Tomsk. But the question remained unanswered: why?

Underground cities are known in Asia Minor, Georgia, Kerch, Crimea, Odessa, Kiev, Sary-Kamysh, Tibet and other places. The dimensions of these underground structures are sometimes striking. So, the underground city opened 40 years ago in the town of Gluboky Kolodets in Asia Minor had more than eight underground floors and was designed for 20 thousand people. In this city, there were many ventilation wells up to 180 meters deep, as well as about 600 granite swing doors that blocked the passageways between the city's compartments. Penetrating through one of these doors, the researchers discovered an underground tunnel, six kilometers long, abutting the same granite valve.

The construction of this city is attributed to the Hittite tribe of the Mush-kov. Why did the Hittites build their underground cities? After all, in order to invest such a super colossal amount of labor, the same super colossal idea was required. It has been suggested that they built underground cities to hide from the raids of external enemies. But, firstly, the Hittites for almost 500 years successfully fought with Egypt, Assyria, Mittani, did not lose a single war and only at the end ceded part of their territory to Assyria. However, before the wave of immigrants from the Balkans, they were powerless, and around 1200 BC. the Hittite kingdom was destroyed, hardly having time to build their underground cities, since the Hittites were confident in their military strength.

Secondly, humanity, which calls itself reasonable, fought always and everywhere.Following the idea of ​​salvation from external enemies, it would be logical to expect the ubiquity of underground cities, but this is not.

One of the most consistent modern researchers of the Hyperborean problem, Doctor of Philosophy V.N. Demin absolutely, in my opinion, rightly asserts that the idea of ​​building underground cities could have been born only under the threat of freezing. We are talking about the northern ancestral home of civilized mankind, which bears different names in the cultures of different peoples: Hyperborea, Scandia, Aryana-Veijo, Meru, Belovodye, etc. Having originated during the Holocene climatic optimum, the Ancestral home, after the beginning of a cold snap, like swarms from a hive, threw it out to the south more and more new tribes and peoples. The cold snap was likely to have occurred over the course of several centuries. Many proton peoples managed to leave the Ancestral Homeland before the living conditions in it became completely unbearable. This process could end either with the final extinction, or with a rapid flight to the south. And those who remained were forced to dig deeper into the ground, equipping underground dwellings and adapting them for long-term living. This is how the technology of building underground cities was born. And the leaving peoples took her with them to new places of residence. This is due to the tracing of the path "from Hyperborea to the Greeks" by underground cities.

Another scenario of a climatic catastrophe - not gradual, but sudden, can be found in the ancient Chinese treatise "Huainanzi", it was cited above. The sky tilted to the northwest, the luminaries moved. Water and silt covered the entire land.

This cooling scenario may have been due to the sudden tilt of the Earth's axis due to the fall of the asteroid. Russian legends show that in the depths of the people's memory there are memories of just such a sudden climatic catastrophe. The Belarusians also have no less expressive memories of this event, who talk about the great cold that ruined their distant ancestors, that they, not knowing fire, tried to collect sunlight in their palms and bring it to their homes, but from this they it did not get warmer, and they turned into stones, that is, they froze.

In the second scenario of a cold snap, salvation underground was the only way to protect oneself and survive, so that later, in short dashes, it would still leave to the south.

Those who remained were forced to flee from the fierce cold underground, building underground cities. It is no coincidence that in Indian legends northern Shambhala - Agarta is considered an underground city. The stories of Novgorodians about the white-eyed chud who went underground are not accidental. Indicative in this respect is the story of Gyuryat Rogovich from Novgorod, recorded in the Primary Chronicle under the year 6604 (1096): “I sent my youth to Pechora, to the people who give tribute to Novgorod. And my boy came to them, and from there he went to the land of Yugorsk. Ugra are people, but their language is incomprehensible, and they coexist with samoyed in the northern countries. Yugra said to my youth: “We found a wonderful miracle, which we had not heard of before, but it began three years ago; there are mountains, they go to the gulf of the sea, their height is as high as the sky, and in those mountains there is a great cry and talk, and they whip the mountain, trying to be carved out of it; and in that mountain there was a small window cut through, and from there they speak, but do not understand their language, but point at the iron and wave their hands, asking for the iron; and if anyone gives them a knife or an ax, they give furs in return. The path to those mountains is impassable because of abysses, snow and forests, and therefore we do not always reach them; he goes further north."

When these underground city builders were forced to migrate south too, they traced their way through underground cities. The ancestral home, in our opinion, was located on Taimyr (thai, thawing in Hittite "conceal", hence Taimyr - "a secret world that has gone underground"). The main migration route lay in the North Caucasus, the Black Sea region and Asia Minor.The Tomsk land lay along this path and, due to its outstanding landscape and geographical features, served as an intermediate accumulator in the migration corridor. The Tomsk region is the beginning of the forest-steppe. The exit from the northern forests to the steppe required a sharp change in the way of life, so the wandering peoples had to stop here to rebuild the way of life. Here, on the Tomsk Paleozoic ledge, is the border of the West Siberian plate and the Tom-Kolyvan folded region. It was here, in a place with a remarkable abundance of ascending springs, so revered by the ancients, that one could go deep into the earth.

Apparently, it is no coincidence that the root coincidence in the vocalization of Tomsk Artania and the Arctic Shambhala-Agarta: it indicates the direction of migration. Further movement to the southeast of the migrating peoples led to the appearance of such place names as Artek in the Crimea, Arta in Greece. It is no coincidence that, one must think, the coincidence of such Spanish and Portuguese toponyms as Orta, Ortegal, Ortigueira, Ardila. The coincidence of these place names is due to the migration of the Visigoths to the Iberian Peninsula at the beginning of the fifth century. D'Artagnan, so dear to our hearts, also, one must think, got his name thanks to the Siberian Arta.

Some courageous researchers are of the opinion that the words "horde" and "order" also come from "art". There are no questions about the horde of questions, so this relationship of terms is obvious. If the word “order” also comes from “art”, this could explain more than close attention that the domestic special services paid to underground cities. Following the indicated logic, the orders are secret organizations that privatized ancient and extremely deep knowledge born in the Ancestral Homeland. This knowledge concerned, first of all, psychophysical technologies, the possibility of the influence of the strength of the spirit on the matter of life.

The world special services have long been interested in all sorts of secret societies, Orders and the Masonic brotherhoods that have grown out of them. All the reigning persons were far from indifferent to the content of the secret knowledge underlying these semi-heretical organizations. This knowledge could pose a threat to faith, monarchy and fatherland. From the Russian secret police, interest in the Freemasons, Templars and other secret orders through the attracted specialists of the department of the cloak and dagger was smoothly transferred to the leaders of the Cheka - OGPU - NKVD - KGB - FSB. And since rumors persistently circulated among secret societies that secret knowledge belonging to Agarta was still stored in underground cities, the first Chekists did not spare their efforts and resources to study the latter. It is known that Dzerzhinsky himself sent a consultant to the special department of the NKVD A.V. Barchenko in search of underground cities in Crimea and on the Kola Peninsula, and Gleb Bokiy sent his super-agent Yakov Blumkin to N.K. Roerich on Central Asia.

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