It will be quite problematic to find in the world the first person of the state who would not use a car with an increased level of protection for his needs. In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin had his own armored ZIS-115. What was the car capable of for the first Soviet officials in terms of protection? It's time to look into this issue.
Initially, the young Soviet government was forced to buy cars for the top officials of the state abroad. Also actively used were cars confiscated and nationalized during the revolution. However, as time went on, it became more and more obvious that the Soviet Union should acquire its own fleet of vehicles with an increased level of protection. The development of a "car for the Leader" at the ZiS began even before the outbreak of World War II. The order for the production of the first ZIS-115 came to the enterprise in 1943.
The main thing in the ZIS-115 was, of course, the proposed level of protection, which consisted of two components: driving performance and booking. In terms of dynamics, the car was fast enough. The car was driven by an 8-cylinder petrol carburetor unit with a volume of 6 liters and a return of 140 hp. The torque reached 392 Nm. The maximum speed could rise to 140 km / h on the highway, which made the ZIS-115 one of the fastest cars of its time.
As for the reservation, it was produced separately and formed something like an armored hull under the car body. The protection extended to everyone inside the vehicle. The capsule was composed of armor plates and bulletproof glass. All elements were produced under the code name "Product-100". In case of sabotage, the number of the shop and the details of the master who made it were applied to each piece of armor. Glasses for the ZIS-115 were glued from several types of glass using a special glue. An empty cavity was also left inside, which was needed to protect against condensation. The total element thickness was 75 mm.
As a result, the car was able to withstand fire from any firearms of that time, from pistols and machine guns to rifles and machine guns. In addition, the armored bottom of the ZIS-115 without any problems withstood the simultaneous detonation of several hand grenades comparable in power to the domestic RGD-33.