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Loyal generals of Nicholas II, who remained until the last
Loyal generals of Nicholas II, who remained until the last

There were only two of them left: Count von Keller and Khan of Nakhichevan.

Mass treason

It is surprising how quickly all the commanders of the Russian army agreed to take the oath of allegiance to the Provisional Government after the abdication of the Sovereign Emperor. While justifying himself and his associates, the leader of the White movement, General Anton Denikin, later wrote: “The army was then obedient to its leaders. And they - General Alekseev, all the commanders-in-chief - recognized the new power. " According to modern information, Denikin himself was one of the central characters in the military's antimonarchist conspiracy.

Some, however, refused to take the oath of office to the Provisional Government.

The only adjutant general is a Muslim

The 54-year-old cavalry general Huseyn Khan Nakhichevan was known throughout the army for his personal bravery. During the First World War, he commanded a cavalry corps, which included the famous Wild Division.

When on March 3 the troops received a dispatch from Alekseev's headquarters, announcing the Emperor's abdication, Nakhichevan Khan sent a telegram in which he assured him of his readiness to die for the Tsar, if he wanted to use parts of the corps to fight sedition.

General Alekseev hid the telegram from the Tsar. According to some testimonies, Nakhichevan Khan sent a telegram not personally from himself, but after consulting with the chiefs of the corps units. He did not swear allegiance to the Provisional Government and resigned on March 10. During the Red Terror, he was killed by the Bolsheviks.

Killed for Russian shoulder straps

On the same day, March 10, 1917, on the eve of the appointed oath of allegiance to the Provisional Government, General of the cavalry Fyodor Arturovich Keller (1857-1918) resigned from the post of commander of the 3rd Cavalry Corps. In the army, he earned the fame of the First Drafts. In 1905-1906. it was repeatedly attempted by revolutionaries. After the news of the Tsar's abdication, he publicly announced that he did not believe that the Tsar could voluntarily abdicate the throne. In a belated telegram, which was also not reported to Nicholas II, he begged him not to leave the throne.

In 1918, Keller lived in the Ukraine of Hetman Skoropadsky. He was going to leave for Pskov to lead the monarchist army. But fate decreed otherwise. When Skoropadsky issued a manifesto on federation with Russia, many thousands of Russian officers joined Skoropadsky's army, defending Kiev from Petliura's gangs. Keller led them. When the hetman's army fled, Keller, with the last detachment of defenders, tried to break out of the city, to Denikin's Volunteer Army, but failed.

Keller disbanded his detachment, and himself surrendered into the hands of the Germans, who remained neutral. But the Germans offered Keller to surrender his St.George weapon, handed over by the Tsar, and also to remove the Russian shoulder straps, and this angered him. After that, Keller was captured by the Petliurites. They simply took away his nominal saber, and the chieftain Konovalets presented it to Petlyura when he entered Kiev. The Germans agreed with the self-styled soldiers to hand over Keller to them, but during the escort, the Petliurites stabbed the old general with bayonets.

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