Biological weapons. Application history
Biological weapons. Application history
Anonim

Exactly 45 years ago, on March 26, 1975, the international convention banning the development, stockpiling and use of biological weapons came into force. This convention was the first in history to completely prohibit a whole class of certain weapons. Let's remember the history of biological weapons, as well as what made a person think about its prohibition.

Biological weapons are pathogenic microorganisms or their spores, viruses, bacterial toxins that infect people and animals, intended for mass destruction of enemy personnel and population, farm animals, crops, contamination of food and water sources, as well as damage to certain types of military equipment and military materials. Biological weapons also include delivery vehicles for pathogenic microorganisms and animal vectors.

The earliest known example of the use of biological weapons occurred 2,500 years ago: the Assyrians infected the wells of their enemy with a rye fungus containing chemicals associated with LSD. Consuming contaminated water has resulted in mental confusion, hallucinations and, in some cases, death.

The facts of the use of biological weapons took place in the 20th century. So the Imperial Japanese Army, in World War II, conducted experiments to spray the bacteria of plague, cholera and anthrax in Manchuria, while conducting research on living people in laboratories.

Modern science does allow scientists to interfere with the genome of bacteria and produce new strains of viruses, "improving" some properties of diseases and reducing others. Scientists can, for example, increase the lethality of the disease and increase the mortality from it, while reducing the area of ​​its spread. Precisely because man has advanced so far in his ability to arrange his own mass extermination, in 1975 the convention on the prohibition of the development and storage of biological weapons was adopted, which, fortunately, was signed by almost all world states. There are only a few countries on the sidelines that lack the ability to develop and produce biological weapons.

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