“This is Victory Day for those who won this victory. He survived, suffered, tortured. For those who have lost loved ones here and now. They are almost gone. Few of them have been able to provide a decent old age. And specifically for us, it seems to me, there is nothing to celebrate,”the actor wrote. He said that someday May 9 will turn into a Day of Silence and something "more than a desire for a children's matinee with dances and dances."
Material on the topic:
What they write in Western history textbooks about the role of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War
In the German parliament, Russian schoolchildren apologize for the "innocently killed Germans taken prisoner at Stalingrad." In the Tula Region, youngsters fry potatoes on the Eternal Flame. In Novorossiysk, girls dance twerk (in common parlance - "shook") at the memorial to the defenders of Malaya Zemlya. Why do guys do this? The motives are different, but the reason is the same: there are fewer and fewer veterans of the Great Patriotic War, and more and more distortions of historical memory.
But if Russian curricula somehow try to maintain objectivity, then Western youth, if asked about the role of the USSR in the Great Victory, will only shrug their shoulders in bewilderment. So "KP" and decided to find out what the school textbooks of our "foreign partners" tell about the Second World War.
Textbook: "Germany from 1871 to 1945", by Jens Eggert. This is such a workbook for the middle classes: a few facts - and questions for assimilation. Thanks to this, adolescents, willy-nilly, will remember the text better than in a regular textbook.
What they write about: In the list of the main events of World War II, the battles on the Eastern Front are mentioned only once. "After the defeat and surrender (to whom? - Ed.) Of the 6th German army at Stalingrad in January 1943, the long-awaited turn began in this war." That is, it follows from the text that the turning point would have taken place without the participation of this “no one knows who,” and the defeat of Hitler on the Volga did not play a role here. But read on. "Gradually the allies (Great Britain, France, the United States and the Soviet Union) were successful." Estimate the sequence: the USSR is in last place, but France is also among the victorious countries (which, before liberation in 1944, regularly supplied the Reich with ammunition and food). “Step by step, the German army was smashed and driven back.
In July 1943, the British and Americans liberated the south of Italy, in June 1944 the Allied landings began in Normandy, and Soviet troops were advancing from the east to Germany. " Then Hitler, "frightened by the Russian captivity," made it known to himself. How the Red Army reached the Reichstag is not reported. Apparently, she went out for a walk and arrived. Neither the Kursk Bulge, nor Operation Bagration, nor the Battle of Berlin, nor the fact that 90% of the Wehrmacht troops were on the Eastern Front.
Quote: “On September 1, 1939, the Reich invaded neighboring Poland … But not only Germany took part in this - on September 17, the Soviet Union occupied the eastern part of the country. The reason for this was the secret agreement between Hitler and the Soviet dictator Stalin of August 23, 1939”. (And not a word about the most difficult international situation, about how we tried in vain to agree on an anti-German front with London and Paris … What conclusion should a teenager draw? Moscow is guilty of the war on a par with Berlin! - Ed.)
Textbook: Britain in the 20th century, by Charles More. For high school students and students.
What they write about: The book opens with a table with the dates of the main events of the century. The Eastern Front of World War II is mentioned exactly once: "1941: Germany attacks Russia."The rest is the victories of the allies in North Africa, Italy, Normandy. The main events of 1942 were the capture of Singapore by the Japanese. You can, of course, object: this is the history of Britain, so they cite events where they themselves participated. But, not knowing about the battles of Stalingrad and Kursk, the student, in principle, will not be able to understand, but how the coalition actually crushed Hitler!
Quote: “Russia's contribution to the war was, of course, invaluable, but she was involved only on the Eastern Front. Its direct contribution to British efforts in the war was nil, and Russian involvement in the overall strategy of the Allies was limited to demanding supplies of resources or an immediate (Anglo-American) landing in France. " (Actually, when at the beginning of 1945 the Allies were defeated in the Ardennes, Stalin began the Vistula-Oder operation 8 days ahead of schedule in order to draw off the Wehrmacht forces to the Eastern Front. - Ed.)