What do we know about the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy? Beard, kosovorotka, "War and Peace", "Anna Karenina".
And he is also the same guy who was excommunicated from the Russian Orthodox Church. And the very erudites know that he was an opponent of copyright, refused the Nobel Prize and hated money. But in fact, we know obscenely little about this amazing person. Let's correct this misunderstanding and look at the facts that can shock an unprepared person. If you haven't deliberately delved into this topic, then, most likely, after watching the video, your attitude towards Tolstoy will radically change.
Ashamed of "War and Peace" and "Anna Karenina"
Some time after writing the novels "War and Peace" and "Anna Karenina" Tolstoy dramatically changed his vision of the world and, accordingly, many of the conclusions voiced in these novels did not coincide with the opinion of the writer himself. In January 1871, he sent a letter to Fet, in which he wrote: "How happy I am … that I will never again write nonsense, verbose like" War ". Almost 40 years later, he has not changed his mind.
On December 6, 1908, an entry appeared in the writer's diary: "People love me for those trifles -" War and Peace "and the like, which seem very important to them." And a year later, in the summer of 1909, when one of the visitors to Yasnaya Polyana expressed his delight and gratitude to the classic for the creation of War and Peace and Anna Karenina, Tolstoy's answer was: came and said: "I really respect you for dancing the mazurka well." I attribute meaning to completely different books of mine."
Three times extremist The judicial system three times recognized some of Tolstoy's works as extremist.
In 1901, Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy was already officially convicted of seditious thoughts against the Russian Orthodox Church, excommunicated and anathematized. During the Soviet period, the authorities had no complaints about the great Russian writer, but after the collapse of the Soviet Union, relatively recently - on March 18, 2010 in the Kirov court of Yekaterinburg, at one of the numerous trials, extremism expert Pavel Suslonov testified: "In Leo Tolstoy's leaflets" The preface to the "Soldier's Memo" and "Officers' Memo" directed to soldiers, sergeants and officers, contains direct calls for inciting sectarian hatred directed against the Orthodox Church."
Well, the last, third time happened at the end of January 2010, when it became known that by a court decision in the Rostov region of September 11, 2009, the writer Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, a man born in 1828, Russian, married, place of registration: Yasnaya Polyana, Tula region, was recognized as an extremist during the anti-extremist process in Taganrog.
An expert opinion was posted on the Internet, which testified to the extremist nature of Leo Tolstoy's worldview, which incited religious enmity and hatred on the grounds of Article 282 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, in particular, in the following statement: “I am convinced that the teaching of the [Russian Orthodox] Church is theoretically insidious and a harmful lie, practically the same collection of the most crude superstitions and witchcraft, which completely conceals the whole meaning of Christian teaching. " The court ruled that this statement by Lev Tolstoy forms a negative attitude towards the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC), and on this basis the article containing this statement was recognized as one of the extremist materials. " So Tolstoy became not just an extremist, but an extremist-recidivist. Oblivion of Tolstoy Tolstoy was not tolerant, this is a fact.
For this reason, he was repeatedly banned on many fronts in imperial and modern Russia.Several years ago, the West noticed that the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy has now become "impersonal" in Russia based on the novels of George Orwell. Maybe for this quote of him?
“The strength of the government rests on the ignorance of the people, and it knows this, and therefore will always fight against enlightenment. It's time for us to understand this.”
Or this one?
“There are no such conditions that a person could not get used to, especially if he sees that everyone around him lives the same way.” Some countries with a deep love for Tolstoy criticized Russia for ignoring the 100th anniversary of his death. For comparison, even countries such as Cuba and Mexico have organized festivals dedicated to the writer's work, while Tolstoy's works are published in new translations in Germany and the United States.