Almost on all continents this week was marked by natural anomalies that divided the map of the Earth into natural disaster zones. The devastating floods took Western Europe by surprise, with 170 fatalities in Germany alone.
Great Britain is rather not foggy, but watery Albion: showers flooded supermarkets, kindergartens and several road junctions in the south and southeast of the metropolis, knocking down the public transport schedule. Water poured into the lobbies of the world's oldest subway.
The Russian south is also haunted by showers and hurricanes. And in the USA and Canada, forests are on fire. And meteorologists say that by all indications, changes on a planetary scale have begun. So what's going on?
Roads in desiccated India suddenly become rivers, and your own home a horrific funnel into which a child has been sucked. The Old World went under water. Atlantis. The feeling of complete and global catastrophe does not leave, as if the end of the set had come and no one had warned anyone.
"Rapidly developing floods are floods, the formation time of which is up to 6 hours from the moment of rainfall. Imagine what a warning system should be, instant forecasting during the development of such a situation," says Yuri Simonov, head of the department of river hydrological forecasts of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia.
Pastoral landscapes are smeared with mud, river silt, heaps of garbage are the remains of houses, cars, boats crushed by the elements. Quiet sterile Europe saturated with sewage waters, in Japan, China - a terrible sandstorm, fires in Canada. Karelia and Yakutia are burning in Russia. What's this? Apocalypse or natural manifestations?
The most realistic explanation for climatic explosions in Russia is the so-called blocking anticyclones. And if two years ago a high-temperature tsunami covered Europe, then this season the blocking anticyclones were firmly concreted over the northwest and Central Russia. The air masses are tightly sealed - hence the hellish heat. They do not allow cyclones to pass through, which could bring rains and lower temperatures. Hence the rains and floods in Europe, in the south of Russia and in China, and the heat in the central part of Russia.
Plus the greenhouse effect - the ice disappears, the permafrost has melted. And this is a vulnerability. In Russia, cities and factories stand on the permafrost, and it is not without reason that it was called eternal. But, as it turned out, this is not the case either. The usual temperature difference between the Arctic and the equator is becoming less drastic.
“Already there is a significant number of deformations in the Arctic. The average estimate is that about 40% of buildings and structures are already deformed today. We expect that there may be up to two degrees or so. They will rise by the middle of the century, and this will lead to a violation of the bearing capacity foundations, unfortunately, "- said Anatoly Brushkov, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Head of the Department of Geocryology, Moscow State University.
Scientists advocate widespread monitoring - the consequences of melting can be catastrophic for our North. An illustrative example of the impact of the greenhouse effect is a giant crack formed in Antarctica. An iceberg with an area of St. Petersburg broke away from the Brunt Glacier. On the one hand, the process is natural - every year something breaks off from Antarctica, but if you look at the graphical model, the forecasts are disappointing.
“We see that during the 20th century, everything is fine with us, about an average picture, but at the end of this century, there is almost no eternal or perennial ice in the Arctic,” said Alexander Rodi, Scientific and Technical Center for Monitoring the Environment and Ecology of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology …
If there is no ice - but this is in theory - the Northern Sea Route will open for many of our competitors. The problem is geopolitical, because now only Russia with its powerful icebreaker fleet controls this strategic and impassable sea area.
And this is a strategic issue for Russia: "hot", "cold" and now climatic wars. MIPT has developed a unique device, and whoever owns it, and already has one, will win the climate war. As usual in such cases, all genius is born in garages or basements - a device ahead of its time and its closest competitors - right in front of us.
"We can show you some of our still secrets. The premiere of this device will take place at the exhibition. In a number of parameters we are ahead of our closest competitors - the USA, Europe, Japan, China," said Alexander Rodin.
What is this device? I can't wait to pick it up. The idea of the device is to control the laser frequency with high precision, and we even discovered what it is called: a heterodyne spectroradiometer. And here's the idea - since no one except Russia can measure greenhouse gases with high accuracy, a business model is already being built on how to use the device.
"We are sitting in Moscow, and data from the USA, Australia, Antarctica are flowing to us, and we are building a global picture of what constraints we should set on the development of industry in certain regions, resource management, so that our planet is good.", - explained Alexander Rodin.
Direct link - greenhouse effect - the frequency of fires increases, as do floods. Karelia, Yakutia are on fire. These bubbles indicate that the atmosphere is warming up as a result of climate warming. It's methane. The permafrost thaws - it evaporates, inflating movable grass domes. And as a counterbalance to the concept of warming up the planet in Antarctica, our scientists drilled a well 4 kilometers deep. This column of ice is 800 thousand years old and, like a natural chip, stores all information. And the one that every 100 thousand years on Earth comes an ice age. But this summer Muscovites not only languished from the heat and literally dreamed of the Antarctic cold, but found only a pitiful replica of it.
Cryosauna isn't cheap, but this hot summer is by appointment only. Those who know a lot about cryochambers have spent the whole summer here. The temperature, by the way, is serious - 150 degrees Celsius. This, of course, is an extreme example, but a vivid one - the degree of despair due to the abnormal heat went off scale, and many people had a boil.
But in the future, what can we expect further from nature? The seasonal temperature drops are getting sharper, the weather becomes more extreme.
“This particular heat is not an indicator of climate change, but we know that with an increase in global temperature, with global warming, the frequency and intensity of such events will increase,” emphasized Sergei Gulev, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Department of the Institute of Oceanology, Doctor of Physics. mathematical sciences.
That is, right now we are locked in masses of warm air - blocking anticyclones. The natural "window" is closed. The sun warmed up the frozen sultry masses even more. Russia is like in an unventilated sauna. I want a fresh sip. Scientists promise to endure for another month. The cherished bucket of ice water is already close.